|The History of Surabaya |
|The name “Surabaya” appeared at early Majapahit era. It was locally believed to derive its name from the words Sura or Suro (shark) and Baya or Boyo (crocodile), two creatures which, in a local myth, fought each other in order to gain the title of “the strongest and most powerful animal” in the area according to Jayabaya prophecy. Other historic sources explain that the symbol of Sura (shark) and Baya (crocodile) is actually to discribe heroic event took place in Ujung Galuh (the past name of Surabaya), that is a battle between army led by raden widjaja and army troop Tar Tar on May 31st 1293. The date which is then commemorated as the city anniversary. |
|City Demography |
|Surabaya is located in the Northen Coast of East Java Province. Geographically, it is located in 9’-7 ° 7 ° South Latitude and 112 ° 112 ° 36’-57’ East Longitude. Surabaya city borders with Madura strait in the north and east, Sidoarjo Regency in the south, and Gresik Regency in the west. Surabaya areas are mainly lowlands, with the height between 3 to 6 ms above sea level except in the south, there are 2 gently sloping hills altitude between 25 – 50 ms above sea level. In Surabaya, there is river estuary of Kalimas, one of the two fractions of Brantas River. Administratively, Surabaya is divided into 163 districts and 31 sub districts with the total population reaches 2.9 Million people at night and it doubles up to 5.6 Million people at day due to many people coming from the neighboring cities working in Surabaya. |
|Peaceful Socio-Cultural Life |
The symbol of battle between Sura the shark, and Buaya the crocodile which later became the symbol of Surabaya is presenting the heroic spirit and bravery character of its people. Originally, the character of Surabaya people is egalitarian and open. The mixture of cultures is marked with various ethnics living in the area, they are Madurese in the north area, while around the famous tomb of Sunan Ampel, we can find Arabian and Chinese.
The calling of Arek Suroboyo (Surabaya Resident) came from kampong originally called Arek Kampong. That calling soon became famous and has high prestige for the beholder for it reflects togetherness with high solidarity, bravery, democracy, persistence, and always open. Thus, anyone lives in Surabaya is called Arek Suroboyo.
|Magnificent Economy |
Since early 20th century, surabaya has been known as the busiest port and largest city in the Ducth East Indies colony area. Surabaya has grown into one of the important trading port cities in Asia, equal to Calcutta, Rangoon, Singapore, Bangkok, Hongkong, and Shanghai.
The abundance production of sugar and tobacco from the Brantas Valley which stretches from Jombang, Kediri, and Madiun has led to the birth of modern economic institution, like banks, insurance, and export- import companies. The high potential and economic activity in the city makes more foreign newcomers are interested to start a business or to work, and then settle in Surabaya.
To date, Surabaya economic growth is always above the East Java Province and even National economic growth. Real sector manages to encourage economic growth of Surabaya in year 2009 to face the global economic crisis. This can be seen from the achievement of 2008, when the city economy was growing above 6%, not to mention its position as a commercial storefront in Eastern Indonesia. In 2009, the city was awarded as the best cost effectiveness city among 133 Asian future cities by Financial Times Magazine.
|The Green and Clean Environment |
|As a metropolis which faces challenges in environment problems, Surabaya has committed to preserve its environment and make it into a green city. Various leading projects have been done, such as holding the Green and Clean Competition among its kampongs, Car Free day in several boulevards, Community-based Waste Management, Mangrove Conservation, etc. Such programs have driven Surabaya to the leading position in Environment Preservation proven by the many national and international awards given to the city, they are: Adipura (National highest award as the cleanest city), Adiwiyata (national highest award for environmentally friendly school), Kalpataru (national award for person who succeed in preserving environment) for many years simultaneously, Energy Globe Award 2005, Green Apple Award 2007, ASEAN Environment Sustainable City, Indonesia Green Region Award 2011, Smart City Award 2011, etc. n.|